Important: If you have a medical concern your physician should always be your first point of contact. Only he or she can make the accurate diagnosis and inform you the correct treatment.
Hammer toes are a deformity of the proximal interphalangeal joint of the second, third, or fourth toe causing it to be permanently bent.
Hammer toe most frequently results from wearing poorly fitting shoes that can force the toe into a bent position, such as excessively high heels or shoes that are too short or narrow for the foot. Having the toes bent for long periods of time can cause the muscles in them to shorten.
Morton's neuroma is a benign neuroma of an intermetatarsal plantar nerve, most commonly of the second and third intermetatarsal spaces (between 2nd-3rd and 3rd-4th metatarsal heads).
This problem is characterised by pain and/or numbness, sometimes relieved by removing footwear
Bunions are a deformity characterised by lateral deviation of the great toe, often erroneously described as an enlargement of bone or tissue around the joint at the head of the big toe.
Some believe bunions are caused primarily by the long-term use of ill-fitted shoes, usually too tight with pointed toes. On the other hand, some professionals think that bunion problems are a result of genetic factors that are worsened by tight shoe use.
When pressure is applied to the side of your big toe also known as the hallux, it is forced inwards towards and sometimes under or over other toes; this is called angulation. The pressure causes the tissue surrounding the joint to become swollen and tender. Bunions are most often a result of ill-fitting shoes, that’s why Pedco Foot Care Clinic offers a great selection of comfortable footwear. Visit one of our two clinics today.
Metatarsalgia (literally metatarsal pain) is a general term used to refer to any painful foot condition affecting the metatarsal region of the foot. Metatarsalgia is most often localized to the first metatarsal head (the ball of the foot just behind the big toe).
High Arch / Over-Supination
An over-supinated foot structure may have an abnormally high arch or instep that has very little flexibility when standing. The heel often leans outward, putting more weight on the outer edge of the foot. Callousing is common under the knuckle of the baby toe because of the weight on the outside of the foot.
Common conditions see with over-supination:
Flat Feet / Over-Pronation
Over-pronation is a condition in which the foot rolls excessively down and inward. The arch may elongate and collapse (or ‘fall’), and the heel will lean inward. Over-pronation should not be confused with pronation.
Pronation is a normal motion of the foot during weight bearing and allows the foot to absorb shock as it contacts the ground.
Common conditions seen with over-pronation:
Tarsal Tunnel Syndrome
Tarsal Tunnel Syndrome is a compression neuropathy and painful foot condition in which the tibial nerve is compressed as it travels through the tarsal tunnel. This tunnel is found along the inner leg behind the medial malleolus (bump on the inside of the ankle).
Achilles tendonitis is tendonitis (inflammation) of the Achilles tendon, generally caused by overuse of the affected limb and is more common among athletes training under less than ideal conditions.
(All medical definitions sourced from College of Pedorthics Canada.)